In vitro fertilization (IVF) and Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) are the two most popular ARTs for a successful fertilization. They are identical procedures apart from the way the egg is fertilized. IVF allows the sperm to penetrate the egg on its own whereas in ICSI selected sperm is directly injected into the egg.


A testicular biopsy is a test to remove a small sample of tissue from one or both testicles. The tissue is then looked at under a microscope to see if the man is able to father a child. The testes produce sperm (which is needed for reproduction) and male hormones, such as testosterone.


The process of freezing embryos to save them for future use is called Embryo freezing, also called embryo banking and embryo cryopreservation/ Semen cryopreservation (commonly called sperm banking or sperm freezing) is a procedure to preserve sperm cells. It can be used successfully indefinitely after cryopreservation. For human sperm, the longest reported successful storage is 24 years.


A Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET) is a cycle where a frozen embryo from a previous fresh IVF cycle is thawed and transferred back into a woman’s uterus. This means you won’t have to undergo another cycle of hormone stimulation and an egg collection.


Helps infertile couples that undergo IVF treatment to increase the chances of choosing the genetic sacs of the child boy or girl by testing the embryos created through IVF before one is implanted in the uterus. It is recommended to couples seeking help for family balancing.


Artificial Insemination (AI) involves placing washed semen from the partner, into the uterus of the woman in order to increase the chances of conceiving.


The test which are carried out on a couple faced with a fertility problem are very dependent upon the couple’s physical examination and medical history. The doctor is the best person to decide which test should be performed and in what sequence they should be done. This test includes hormonal assay and other biochemistry test.


A semen analysis also called “Seminogram” evaluates certain characteristics of a male’s semen and the sperm contained therein. It is done to help evaluate male fertility, whether for those seeking pregnancy or verifying the success of vasectomy.


A Transvaginal ultrasound is a type of pelvic ultrasound used by doctors to examine female reproductive organs. NT is the most important first ultrasound scan that is done to detect the risk of Down’s Syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities. It is used to help diagnose the causes of pain, swelling and infection in the body’s internal organs and to examine a baby in pregnant women and the brain and hips in infants.


Hysterosonogram is a minimally invasive ultrasound procedure that can determine if there are abnormalities inside the uterus that might interfere with pregnancy.


Cervical dilation (or cervical dilatation) is the opening of the cervix, the entrance to the Uterus, during childbirth, miscarriage, induced abortion, or gynecological surgery. Cervical dilation may occur naturally or may be induced by surgical or medical means.


Ovarian cyst aspiration involves either the use of Laparoscope or ultrasound to probe the nature of ovarian cyst and drain cyst fluid. A thin needle will be inserted to drain the fluid from the cyst.


A type of surgery in which small incisions are made in the abdominal wall through which a laparoscope and other instruments can be placed to permit structures within the abdomen and pelvis to be seen. A variety of probes or other instruments can also be pushed through these small incisions in the skin. In this way, several surgical procedures can be performed without the need for a large surgical incision.


Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for viewing the inside of the uterus. Hysteroscopy is performed by inserting a visualizing scope through the vagina and into the cervical opening. Hysteroscopy allows visualization of the inside of the uterus, including the openings to the Fallopian tubes, as well as direct examination of the cervix, cervical canal, and vagina.


Colposcopy is a gynecological procedure that illuminates and magnifies the vulva, vaginal walls, and uterine cervix to detect and examine abnormalities of these structures. The cervix is the base of the womb (uterus) and leads out to the birth canal (vagina)